Discipline by James Owen Hannay
An Extract from
Our Casualty And Other Stories
O'Byrne, the Reverend Timothy, is our padre. We call him Tim behind
his back because we like him and Padre to his face because some respect
is due to his profession. Mackintosh is our medical officer. The
Reverend Tim used to take a special delight in teasing Mackintosh. It
may have been the natural antipathy, the cat and dog feeling, which
exists between parsons and doctors. I do not know.
But the padre never lost a chance of pulling the doctor's leg, and
Mackintosh spent hours proving that the things which the padre says he
saw could not possibly have happened I should not like to call any
padre a liar; but some of the Rev. Tim's stories were rather tall, and
the doctor's scepticism always goaded him to fresh flights of
The mess was a much livelier place after the Rev. Tim joined it.
Before he attached himself to us we used to wonder why God made men
like Mackintosh, and what use they are in the world.
Now we know. Mackintosh exists to call out all that is best in our
One nightthe battalion was back resting at the timewe had an
Assistant Provost Marshal as a guest The conversation turned on the
subject of deserters, and our A.P.M. told us some curious stories about
the attempts made by these poor devils to escape the net of the
The fact is, said the A.P.M., that a deserter hasn't a dog's
chance, not here in France anyway. We are bound to get him every time.
Not every time, said the padre. I know one who has been at large
for months and you'll never lay hands on him.
The A.P.M., who did not of course know our padre, sat up and
I don't think it's his fault that he's a deserter, said the padre.
He was forced into it And anyway, even if I give you his name and tell
you exactly where he is, you'll not arrest him.
If he's a deserter, I will, said the A.P.M.
No, you won't, said the padre. Excuse my contradicting you, but
when you hear the story you'll see yourself that you can't arrest the
man. Mackintosh here is protecting him.
Is it me? said Mackintosh. I'd like you to be careful what you're
saying. In my opinion it's libellous to say that I'm protecting a
deserter. I'll have you court-martialled, Mr. O'Byrne, padre or no
padre. I'll have you court-martialled if you bring any such accusation
I don't mean you personally, said O'Byrne. I am taking you as a
representative of your profession. The man I am speaking ofhe turned
politely to the A.P.M.is under the direct protection of the Army
Medical. You can't get at him.
Mackintosh bristled, to the padre's great delight Anything in the
way of an attack on the medical profession excites Mackintosh
Binny is the man's name, said the padre. 17932, Private Alfred
Binny. He was in the Wessex, before the hospital people made a deserter
of him. I will give you his address if you like, but you'll not be able
to arrest him. If you try you'll have every doctor in France down on
you. They back each other up through anything, don't they, Mackintosh?
I'd like you to understand, said Mackintosh, that you can't be
saying things like that with impunity.
Get on with the story, padre, I said, and don't exasperate
It was while I was attached to No. 97 General Hospital, he said.
Know No. 97, Mackintosh? No. That's a pity. It's a place which would
just suit you. Patients wakened every morning at five to have their
faces washed. Discipline polished till you could see your face in it,
and so many rules and regulations that you can't cross a room without
tripping over one. The lists and card indexes that are kept going in
that place, and the forms that are filled in! You'd glory in it,
Mackintosh. But it didn't suit my temperament.
I believe you, said Mackintosh grimly.
It was while I was there, said the padre, that Biimy came down
the line and was admitted to the hospital with a cushy wound in the
fleshy part of his arm. He'd have been well in three weeks and back
with his battalion in a month, if it hadn't been for the doctors. It's
entirely owing to them that he's a deserter now.
Malingered, I suppose, said Mackintosh. Got back to England by
shamming shell shock and was given his discharge. He wouldn't have
pulled it off if I'd been there.
You've guessed wrong, said the padre. It wasn't a case of
malingering. As nearly as possible it was the exact opposite. The
doctors tried to make the poor fellow out much worse than he really
I don't believe it, said Mackintosh.
As a matter of fact, said the padre, the mistakeyou'll hardly
deny that it was a mistake when you hear the storyarose through too
strict attention to discipline, that and the number of lists and
returns that were made out. It doesn't do to rely too much on lists,
and there is such a thing as overdoing discipline.
What happened was this. One evening, when Binny had been in the
hospital about a week, two orderlies came to his bed with a stretcher.
They told him they were going to carry him down to the mortuary and put
him into his coffin. Binny, of course, thought they were making some
new kind of joke, and laughed. But the orderlies were perfectly
serious. They said his name was on the list of those who had died
during the day and they had no choice except to obey orders and put him
into a coffin. They showed Binny the list, all nicely typed out, and
there was no mistake about it Binny's name, number, regiment, and
religion were all there.
Binny began to get indignant. He said he wasn't dead, that anyone
could see he wasn't dead, and that it would be a barbarous thing to
bury him. The orderlies, who were very nice fellows, admitted that
Binny seemed to be alive, but they stuck to it that it was their
business to carry out their orders. Into the mortuary Binny would have
to go. They tried to console him by saying that the funeral would not
be till the next morning. But that did not cheer Binny much. In the end
they took pity on the poor fellow and said they would go away for an
hour and come back. If Binny could get the order changed they'd be very
pleased to leave him where he was. It wasn't, so they explained, any
pleasure to them to put Binny into a coffin.
Binny did not get much chance during his hour's reprieve. The only
person who came into the ward was a V.A.D. girl, quite a nice little
girl, good-looking enough to be bullied a lot by the sister-in-charge.
Binny told her about the fix he was in, and at first she thought he was
raving and tried to soothe him down. In the end, to pacify him, I
suppose, she went and asked the orderlies about him. She had not been
out in France long, that V.A.D., and wasn't properly accustomed to
things. When she found out that what Binny had told her was true, she
got fearfully excited. She couldn't do anything herself, of course, but
she ran off to the matron as hard as she could. The matron was a bit
startled just at first, but she kept her head.
'Tell Private Binny,' she said, 'that if he has any complaints to
make they must be made at the proper time and through the proper
channels. The C.O. goes round the hospital every morning between 10
a.m. and 11 a.m. Private Binny can speak to him then.'
'But by that time,' said the V. A.D. girl, 'the man will be
'I can't help that,' said the matron.' The discipline of the
hospital must be maintained. It would be perfectly impossible to run a
place like this if every man was allowed to make complaints at all
hours of the day and to all sorts of people.'
That V.A.D. was a plucky girl, and persistentthey sent her home
afterwards in disgraceand she talked on until the matron agreed to
take a look at Binny. I think she was staggered when she saw him
sitting up in bed and heard him cursing the orderlies, who had come
back by that time. But she couldn't do anything. She wasn't really a
bad sort of woman, and I don't suggest for a moment that she wanted to
have Binny buried alive. But she had no authority. She could not alter
an order. And there the thing was in black and white. However, she
persuaded the orderlies to wait another half-hour. She went off and
found one of the surgeons. He was a decent sort of fellow, but young,
and he didn't see his way to interfering. There had been several
mistakes made in that hospital, and the C.O. had been rather heavily
strafed, which meant of course that everyone under him was strafed
worse, on the good old principle of passing it on. That surgeon's idea
was to avoid trouble, if possible. Somebody, he said, had made a
mistake, but it was too late, then, to set things right, and the best
thing to do was to say nothing about it. He was sorry for Binny, but he
couldn't do anything.
When the V.A.D. girl heard that, she lost her temper. She said
she'd write home and tell her father about it, and that her father was
a Member of Parliament and would raise hell about it She didn't, of
course, say hell!
She couldn't do that, said Mackintosh. The censor wouldn't pass a
letter with a story like that in it.
Quite right, said the padre, and it wouldn't have been any good
if her father had got the letter. He couldn't have done anything. If
he'd asked a question in Parliament he'd simply have been told a lie of
some kind. It was a silly sort of threat to make. The V.A.D. saw that
herself and began to cry.
That upset the surgeon so much that he went round and took a look
at Binny. The man was pale by that time and in the deuce of a funk. But
he wasn't in the least dead. The surgeon felt that it was a hard case,
and said he'd take the risk of speaking to the C.O. about it.
The C.O. of No. 97 General at that time was an oldish man, who
suffered from suppressed gout, which is the regular medical name for
unsuppressed temper. He said emphatically that Private Binny was
reported dead, marked dead, removed from the hospital books, and must
stay dead. The whole system of the R.A.M.C. would break down, he said,
and things would drift into chaos if dead men were allowed to come to
life again whenever they chose.
The surgeon was a plucky young fellow in his way. Remembering how
pretty the V.A.D. looked when she cried, he pressed Binny's case on the
C.O. The old gentleman said he might have done something two hours
sooner; but the hospital returns had gone to the D.D.M.S. and couldn't
possibly be got back again or altered. In the end, after a lot more
talk about regulations and discipline, he said he'd telephone to the
D.D.M.S. office and see if anything could be done. It is greatly to his
credit that he did telephone, explaining the case as well as he could
over a faulty wire. The staff colonel in the office was perfectly
civil, but said that the returns had been forwarded by a motor dispatch
rider to G.H.Q. and could not be recalled by any possibility. The C.O.,
who seems to have begun to realize the horrible position of Binny,
asked advice as to what he ought to do. The staff colonel said he'd
never come across a case of the kind before, but it seemed plain to him
that Binny was dead, that is to say, officially dead. The Chaplain's
Department, he thought, might be able to do something for a man after
he was dead. If not nobody could.
That, said O'Byrne with a smile, is where I came in. The C.O.
sent for me at once.
I suppose, said Mackintosh, that you straightened the whole thing
out without difficulty?
Mackintosh is always irritated at a suggestion that anyone connected
with the medical profession can possibly make a mistake. When irritated
he is apt to attempt a kind of heavy sarcasm which O'Byrne sucks in
with obvious delight.
No, said the padre, I couldn't straighten it out. But I did the
best I could. I went to see poor Binny. He was in the mortuary by that
time. I found him sitting up in his coffin crying like a child. I
comforted him as well as I could.
Poor devil, said Mackintosh. Not that I believe a word of this
story. It couldn't have happened. But you may as well go on and tell us
what you did. Sang hymns to him, I suppose.
Not at all, said the padre. I got him something to eat and a
couple of blankets. That mortuary is a cold place, and, though you
mightn't think it, a coffin is draughty. Next morning I buried him.
God bless me! said the A.P.M. explosively. Do you mean to say you
buried a man you knew to be alive?
Couldn't help it, said the padre. It was in orders, matter of
discipline, you know. Can't go back on discipline, can you, Mackintosh?
I got through it as quickly as I decently could. Then I let Binny out
The graves in that cemetery are never filled in for an hour or two
after the coffins are let down, so I had lots of time. Jolly glad poor
Binny was to get out. He said he'd shivered all over when he heard 'The
Last Post.' I had a suit of clothes for him; of course, civilian
The padre filled himself a glass of whisky and soda and lit his
pipe. He looked round with a smile of triumph. Most of us applauded
him. He deserved it The story was one of his best imaginative efforts.
I suppose the applause encouraged him to go further.
I'll give you his address if you like, he said to the A.P.M. He's
working on a French farm and quite happy. But I don't see that you can
possibly arrest him without getting the whole medical profession on
your back. They said he was dead, you see, and, as Mackintosh will tell
you, they never own up to making mistakes.