Michigan Man by Elia Wilkinson Peattie
A PINE forest is nature's expression of solemnity and solitude.
Sunlight, rivers, cascades, people, music, laughter, or dancing could
not make it gay. With its unceasing reverberations and its eternal
shadows, it is as awful and as holy as a cathedral.
Thirty good fellows working together by day and drinking together
by night can keep up but a moody imitation of jollity. Spend
twenty-five of your forty years, as Luther Dallas did, in this
perennial gloom, and your soul — that which enjoys, aspires, competes
— will be drugged as deep as if you had quaffed the cup of oblivion.
Luther Dallas was counted one of the most experienced axe-men in the
northern camps. He could fell a tree with the swift surety of an
executioner, and in revenge for his many arboral murders the woodland
had taken captive his mind, captured and chained it as Prospero did
Ariel. The resounding footsteps of Progress driven on so mercilessly in
this mad age could not reach his fastness. It did not concern him that
men were thinking, investigating, inventing. His senses responded only
to the sonorous music of the woods; a steadfast wind ringing metallic
melody from the pine-tops contented him as the sound of the sea does
the sailor; and dear as the odors of the ocean to the mariner were the
resinous scents of the forest to him. Like a sailor, too, he had his
superstitions. He had a presentiment that he was to die by one of these
trees, — that some day, in chopping, the tree would fall upon and
crush him as it did his father the day they brought him back to the
camp on a litter of pine boughs.
One day the gang-boss noticed a tree that Dallas had left standing
in a most unwood-manlike manner in the section which was allotted to
"What in thunder is that standing there for?" he asked. Dallas
raised his eyes to the pine, towering in stern dignity a hundred feet
"Well," he said feebly, "I noticed it, but kind-a left it t' the
"Cut it down to-morrow," was the response.
The wind was rising, and the tree muttered savagely. Luther thought
it sounded like a menace, and turned pale. No trouble has yet been
found that will keep a man awake in the keen air of the pineries after
he has been swinging his axe all day, but the sleep of the chopper was
so broken with disturbing dreams that night that the beads gathered on
his brow, and twice he cried aloud. He ate his coarse flap-jacks in the
morning and escaped from the smoky shanty as soon as he could.
"It'll bring bad luck, I'm afraid," he muttered as he went to get
his axe from the rack. He was as fond of his axe as a soldier of his
musket, but to-day he shouldered it with reluctance. He felt like a man
with his destiny before him. The tree stood like a sentinel. He raised
his axe, once, twice, a dozen times, but could not bring himself to
make a cut in the bark. He walked backwards a few steps and looked up.
The funereal green seemed to grow darker and darker till it became
black. It was the embodiment of sorrow. Was it not shaking giant arms
at him? Did it not cry out in angry challenge? Luther did not try to
laugh at his fears; he had never seen any humor in life. A gust of wind
had someway crept through the dense barricade of foliage that flanked
the clearing, and struck him with an icy chill. He looked at the sky;
the day was advancing rapidly. He went at his work with an energy as
determined as despair. The axe in his practised hand made clean
straight cuts in the trunk, now on this side, now on that. His task was
not an easy one, but he finished it with wonderful expedition. After
the chopping was finished, the tree stood firm a moment; then, as the
tensely-strained fibres began a weird moaning, he sprang aside, and
stood waiting. In the distance he saw two men hewing a log. The axe-man
sent them a shout and threw up his arms for them to look. The tree
stood out clear and beautiful against the gray sky; the men ceased
their work and watched it. The vibrations became more violent, and the
sounds they produced grew louder and louder till they reached a shrill
wild cry. There came a pause, then a deep shuddering groan. The topmost
branches began to move slowly, the whole stately bulk swayed, and then
shot towards the ground. The gigantic trunk bounded from the stump,
recoiled like a cannon, crashed down, and lay conquered, with a roar as
of an earthquake, in a cloud of flying twigs and chips.
When the dust had cleared away, the men at the log on the outside
of the clearing could not see Luther. They ran to the spot, and found
him lying on the ground with his chest crushed in. His fearful eyes had
not rightly calculated the distance from the stump to the top of the
pine, nor rightly weighed the power of the massed branches, and so,
standing spell-bound, watching the descending trunk as one might watch
his Nemesis, the rebound came and left him lying worse than dead.
Three months later, when the logs, lopped of their branches, drifted
down the streams, the woodman, a human log lopped of his strength,
drifted to a great city. A change, the doctor said, might prolong his
life. The lumbermen made up a purse, and he started out, not very
definitely knowing his destination. He had a sister, much younger than
himself, who at the age of sixteen had married and gone, he believed,
to Chicago. That was years ago, but he had an idea that he might find
her. He was not troubled by his lack of resources; he did not believe
that any man would want for a meal unless he were "shiftless." He had
always been able to turn his hand to something.
He felt too ill from the jostling of the cars to notice much of
anything on the journey. The dizzy scenes whirling past made him faint,
and he was glad to lie with closed eyes. He imagined that his little
sister in her pink calico frock and bare feet (as he remembered her)
would be at the station to meet him. "Oh, Lu!" she would call from some
hiding-place, and he would go and find her. The conductor stopped by
Luther's seat and said that they were in the city at last; but it
seemed to the sick man as if they went miles after that, with a
multitude of twinkling lights on one side and a blank darkness, that
they told him was the lake, on the other. The conductor again stopped
by his seat.
"Well, my man," said he, "how are you feeling?"
Luther, the possessor of the toughest muscles in the gang, felt a
sick man's irritation at the tone of pity.
"Oh, I'm all right!" he said, gruffly, and shook off the assistance
the conductor tried to offer with his overcoat. "I'm going to my
sister's," he explained, in answer to the inquiry as to where he was
going. The man, somewhat piqued at the spirit in which his overtures
were met, left him, and Luther stepped on to the platform. There was a
long vista of semi-light, down which crowds of people walked and
baggage-men rushed. The building, if it deserved the name, seemed a
ruin, and through the arched doors Luther could see men — hackmen —
dancing and howling like dervishes. Trains were coming and going, and
the whistles and bells kept up a ceaseless clangor. Luther, with his
small satchel and uncouth dress, slouched by the crowd unnoticed, and
reached the street. He walked amid such an illumination as he had never
dreamed of, and paused half blinded in the glare of a broad sheet of
electric light that filled a pillared entrance into which many people
passed. He looked about him. Above on every side rose great,
many-windowed buildings; on the street the cars and carriages thronged,
and jostling crowds dashed headlong among the vehicles. After a time he
turned down a street that seemed to him a pandemonium filled with
madmen. It went to his head like wine, and hardly left him the presence
of mind to sustain a quiet exterior. The wind was laden with a
penetrating moisture that chilled him as the dry icy breezes from Huron
never had done, and the pain in his lungs made him faint and dizzy. He
wondered if his red-cheeked little sister could live in one of those
vast, impregnable buildings. He thought of stopping some of those
serious-looking men and asking them if they knew her; but he could not
muster up the courage. The distressing experience that comes to almost
every one some time in life, of losing all identity in the universal
humanity, was becoming his. The tears began to roll down his wasted
face from loneliness and exhaustion. He grew hungry with longing for
the dirty but familiar cabins of the camp, and staggered along with
eyes half closed, conjuring visions of the warm interiors, the leaping
fires, the groups of laughing men seen dimly through clouds of
A delicious scent of coffee met his hungry sense and made him
really think he was taking the savory black draught from his familiar
tin cup; but the muddy streets, the blinding lights, the cruel, rushing
people, were still there. The buildings, however, now became different.
They were lower and meaner, with dirty windows. Women laughing loudly
crowded about the doors, and the establishments seemed to be equally
divided between saloon-keepers, pawnbrokers, and dealers in
second-hand clothes. Luther wondered where they all drew their support
from. Upon one sign-board he read, "Lodgings 10 cents to 50 cents. A
Square Meal for 15 cents," and, thankful for some haven, entered. Here
he spent his first night and other nights, while his purse dwindled and
his strength waned. At last he got a man in a drug-store to search the
directory for his sister's residence. They found a name he took to be
his brother-in-law's. It was two days later when he found the address,
— a great, many-storied mansion on one of the southern boulevards, —
and found also that his search had been in vain. Sore and faint, he
staggered back to his miserable shelter, only to arise feverish and ill
in the morning. He frequented the great shop doors, thronged with
brilliantly-dressed ladies, and watched to see if his little sister
might not dash up in one of those satin-lined coaches and take him
where he would be warm and safe and would sleep undisturbed by drunken,
ribald songs and loathsome surroundings. There were days when he almost
forgot his name, and, striving to remember, would lose his senses for
a moment and drift back to the harmonious solitudes of the North and
breathe the resin-scented frosty atmosphere. He grew terrified at the
blood he coughed from his lacerated lungs, and wondered bitterly why
the boys did not come to take him home.
One day, as he painfully dragged himself down a residence street,
he tried to collect his thoughts and form some plan for the future. He
had no trade, understood no handiwork; he could fell trees. He looked
at the gaunt, scrawny, transplanted specimens that met his eye, and
gave himself up to the homesickness that filled his soul. He slept that
night in the shelter of a stable, and spent his last money in the
morning for a biscuit.
He travelled many miles that afternoon looking for something to
which he might turn his hand. Once he got permission to carry a hod for
half an hour. At the end of that time he fainted. When he recovered,
the foreman paid him twenty-five cents. "For God's sake, man, go home,"
he said. Luther stared at him with a white face and went on.
There came days when he so forgot his native dignity as to beg. He
seldom received anything; he was referred to various charitable
institutions the existence of which he had never heard.
One morning, when a pall of smoke enveloped the city and the odors
of coal-gas refused to lift their nauseating poison through the heavy
air, Luther, chilled with dew and famished, awoke to a happier life.
The loneliness at his heart was gone. The feeling of hopeless
imprisonment that the miles and miles of streets had terrified him with
gave place to one of freedom and exaltation. Above him he heard the
rasping of pine boughs; his feet trod on a rebounding mat of decay; the
sky was as coldly blue as the bosom of Huron. He walked as if on ether,
singing a senseless jargon the wood-men had aroused the echoes with, —
"Hi yi halloo! The owl sees you! Look what you do! Hi yi
halloo!" Swung over his shoulder was a stick he had used to assist his
limping gait, but now transformed into the beloved axe. He would reach
the clearing soon, he thought, and strode on like a giant, while people
hurried from his path. Suddenly a smooth trunk, stripped of its bark
and bleached by weather, arose before him.
"Hi yi halloo!" High went the wasted arm — crash! — a broken
staff, a jingle of wires, a maddened, shouting man the centre of a
group of amused spectators! A few moments later, four broad-shouldered
men in blue had him in their grasp, pinioned and guarded, clattering
over the noisy streets behind two spirited horses. They drew after them
a troop of noisy, jeering boys, who danced about the wagon like a swirl
of autumn leaves. Then came a halt, and Luther was dragged up the steps
of a square brick building with a belfry on the top. They entered a
large bare room with benches ranged about the walls, and brought him
before a man at a desk.
"What is your name?" asked the man at the desk. "Hi yi halloo!"
"He's drunk, sergeant," said one of the men in blue, and the
axe-man was led into the basement. He was conscious of an involuntary
resistance, a short struggle, and a final shock of pain, — then
The chopper awoke to the realization of three stone walls and an
iron grating in front. Through this he looked out upon a stone flooring
across which was a row of similar apartments. He neither knew nor cared
where he was. The feeling of imprisonment was no greater than he had
felt on the endless, cheerless streets. He laid himself on the bench
that ran along a side wall, and, closing his eyes, listened to the
babble of the clear stream and the thunder of the "drive" on its
journey. How the logs hurried and jostled! crushing, whirling, ducking,
with the merry lads leaping about them with shouts and laughter.
Suddenly he was recalled by a voice. Some one handed a narrow tin cup
full of coffee and a thick slice of bread through the grating. Across
the way he dimly saw a man eating a similar slice of bread. Men in
other compartments were swearing and singing. He knew these now for
the voices he had heard in his dreams. He tried to force some of the
bread down his parched and swollen throat, but failed; the coffee
strangled him, and he threw himself upon the bench.
The forest again, the night-wind, the whistle of the axe through
the air. Once when he opened his eyes he found it dark. It would soon
be time to go to work. He fancied there would be hoar-frost on the
trees in the morning. How close the cabin seemed! Ha! — here came his
little sister. Her voice sounded like the wind on a spring morning. How
loud it swelled now! "Lu! Lu!" she cried.
The next morning the lock-up keeper opened the cell door. Luther
lay with his head in a pool of blood. His soul had escaped from the
thrall of the forest.
"Well, well!" said the little fat police-justice, when he was told
of it. "We ought to have a doctor around to look after such cases."